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Western University of Health Sciences
College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific, Pomona, CA
AAEM/RSA Publications Committee Member
|This post was peer reviewed.|
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There are an estimated 424,000 out of hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) among Americans annually. Survival rates for OHCA are low, ranging from 10.6% to 31.4%. External defibrillation and CPR represent the first line treatments for OHCA. The American Heart Association (AHA) defines high-quality CPR as 100-120 compressions per minute (CPM) at a depth of 2 inches on the average adult. Allowance of full recoil, minimization of compression interruptions, and avoidance of excessive ventilation are also important (Figure 1).
|Figure 1. 2015 American Heart Association Adult CPR Guidelines (Source – American Heart Association)|